Hilary Ewang Ngide
Despite efforts to protect forests and promote sustainable farming in Bangem Sub Division through the involvement NGOs and government agencies, anthropogenic activities have been causing a rise in forest loss and extinction of primate species. The main objective of this paper is to determine the key interventions and challenges of local NGOs in achieving a balance between forest protection and sustainable farming within the Bangem Sub Division of Cameroon. The paper made use of both primary and secondary data gotten through the use of semi structured interviews, focused group discussions and purposive sampling of five local NGOs that have been active in the area for at least ten years. Data was analyzed using simple descriptive statistics. Findings revealed that lapses in monitoring and evaluation capacities of organizations greatly account for imbalances in forest protection and sustainable agricultural promotion. Results presented also revealed that financing contrasts between conservation and livelihood projects have also played a role in widening the gqp between conservation needs and livelihood imperatives in the region, though it is hard to draw a definitive conclusion on this because it might be dependent on the extent to which these local organizations display competence and compliances as credible, and flexible institutions that can be trusted.
Ngwoh Jonas Bisong
Disclosure generally is telling an individual about his/her HIV status and it could involve indirectly telling the caregivers status as well. Adherence and disclosure are key ingredients in pediatric HIV/AIDS care and management. Disclosure of HIV status to children is essential for disease management but is not well characterized in resource- limited settings. This study aimed at assessing the knowledge on the importance of disclosure to adherence in caregivers of HIV infected children. A cross-sectional study was done, with HIV-infected children aged six to fourteen years randomly selected. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered to 37 caregivers of HIV infected children; evaluating their adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy at these levels: pre, during and post-disclosure; how disclosure affects adherence, the barriers to disclosure, benefits of disclosure to adherence and other factors which could affect adherence to antiretroviral. Data analysis indicated that disclosure had great impact on HIV-infected children’s adherence to anti retroviral therapy. Thus, knowledge on adherence and disclosure itself is one of the key factors in pediatric HIV/AIDS management and care and if looked into and implemented in our nation Cameroon will greatly improve the treatment outcome of children living with HIV and their families. Further studies are recommended on a larger sample size to comprehend and establish a standard in our nation Cameroon.
Abdulrizak Ali Maadey
Cyber Security plays an important role in the field of information technology. Securing the information have become one of the biggest challenges in the present day. When ever we think about the cyber security the first thing that comes to our mind is ‘cyber crimes’ which are increasing immensely day by day. Various Governments and companies are taking many measures in order to prevent these cyber crimes. Besides various measures cyber security is still a very big concern to many. This paper mainly focuses on challenges faced by cyber security on the latest technologies. It also focuses on latest about the cyber security techniques, ethics and the trends changing the face of cyber security.
Ali Mohamoud Si’ow, Lay Sam Ean
This study was designed to investigate the relationship between teacher training and student performance of secondary schools of Wadajir district in Mogadishu. The possible emphasis was put on identifying the relationship between teacher training and
student performance of secondary schools of Wadajir district in Mogadishu, Somalia. The study employed the use of both descriptive and correlation research design to identify the basics of the relationships. For the data analyze, the spearman correlation statistical tool was used with the aim of identifying the relationship between the variables of teacher training and student performance. After this activity of the detailed analysis of the data conclusions and recommendations were brought to the end but only based on the data analyzed. The findings revealed the existence statistically significant weak positive relationship between teacher training and student performance, there was also negative relationship between methods of training and student performance, the study also indicate that there were challenges facing the secondary school administrations for conducting a meaningful trainings for the teachers involving the school activities. This will enable teachers feel and believe that their organization believes in teachers development through training and orientation conferences and actually supports it. Also the school administration should attempt to revise and make clear the needs that relates teaching, research and service, academic qualifications, and experience as this is a road through which performance can be enhanced and improved and simply can be covered through trainings and orientations bearing in mind that other factors may affect the student performance.