IQ Research Journal-Open Access-ISSN:2790-4296

Systematic Review Of Viral Hepatitis C Screening And Diagnosis: From The World To Cameroon



Authors: Mvogo Guy.D1,2,3 * , Sah Victorien1,2,3, Atangana Bertin M1,2,4, Agaya Chrismaine5 , Tchiloumbou Anne5 ,Benjakhoukh Basma5 , Pambou Tat5 , Ndjengue Nson Louis S1,2,5 . Paper Title: Systematic Review Of Viral Hepatitis C Screening And Diagnosis: From The World To Cameroon

IQ Research Journal of IQ res. j. (2022)1(7): pp 01-17. Vol. 001, Issue 007, 07-2022, pp. 01702-01720

Received: 20 07, 2022; Accepted: 28 07, 2022; Published: 30 07, 2022


A diagnostic test is a tool that uses a technique or method based on a proven scientific principle and may or may not use equipment or materials to make a diagnosis of a disease. It is the starting point for the proper management of an infectious or non-infectious disease. This document is based on national, continental and international consensus on screening and diagnosis of hepatitis C. Articles from researchers in institutes and hospitals were also used. The selected papers are the most recent ones dealing with screening and diagnosis of hepatitis C. Whether in Cameroon or worldwide, the biological tests used in the screening and diagnostic algorithms for hepatitis C (HCV) include all the tests for anti-HCV antibody and HCV RNA detection. International consensus and strategies recommend screening with HCV EIA tests. However, in low- and middle-income countries such as Cameroon, rapid tests for hepatitis C antibodies are used. Cameroon, like other low and middle income countries in the world, should adopt algorithms that are adapted to their socio-economic context while ensuring the quality of the tests used.