IQ Research Journal-Open Access-ISSN:2790-4296

Study On Factors Contributing Breast Cancer Among Women Of Child Bearing Age, Case Study Beletweyne- Hiran Of Somalia



Authors: Mumin Hussein Ali, Atanga Desmond Funwie. Paper Title: Study on Factors Contributing Breast Cancer among Women of Child Bearing Age, case study Beletweyne-Hiran of Somalia

IQ Research Journal of IQ res. j. (2022)1(2): pp 01-18. Vol. 001, Issue 002, 02-2022, pp. 0744-0762
Received: 26 02, 2022; Accepted: 26 02, 2022; Published: 27 02, 2022


This research was carried out “between December 2020 – March 2021” in Beletweyne–
Hiran-Somalia. The study of cross sectional design was done in this research to determine and detect the factors contributing breast cancer and relating risk factors among women of childbearing age in Beletweyne district. The sample size of the respondents was 50.
Results of the study showed that:
The majority of the respondents 15 (30%) were aged between 36 – 45 years. The highest number of the respondents 34 (68%) were females. More than half of the respondents 29 (58%) were married. 26 (52%) of the respondents were university level. The majority of the respondents 14 (28%) were business men/women. The majority of response 43 (86%) reported that they have never experienced breast cancer. More than half of the respondents 27 (54%) reported that the risk factors of breast cancer are alcohol use, hormone replacement therapy, obesity because of production more estrogen and radiation. The highest number of the respondents 22 (44%) said heredity as the main cause of breast cancer. Nearly all the respondents 44 (88%) reported that breast cancer be prevented. 18 (41%) of the respondents replied limiting alcohol intakes, limiting dietary fats, limiting exposure to pesticides and antibiotics and maintaining a healthy weight as the best methods which is used to prevent breast cancer. More than half of the respondents 26 (52%) said a mass or lump, which may feel as small as a pea, a change in the size, shape, or contour of the breast, a blood-stained or clear fluid discharge from the nipple and redness of the skin on the breast or nipple as the clinical features of breast cancer. 28 (56%) of the respondents reported that breast cancer can be found early. The highest number of the respondents 24 (86%) said history taking & physical examination, biopsy & CT scan as the best diagnoses of breast cancer.
The majority of the respondents 40 (80%) reported that breast cancer cannot be treated.
14 (35%) said Surgery, Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, Hormone therapy, Targeted
therapy and Bone-directed therapy as the treatment of breast cancer.