IQ Research Journal-Open Access-ISSN:2790-4296

Risk Factors of Acne Vulgaris among Young Females.



Author(s): Abdullahi Abdi Hussein Jabane. Paper Title:

Risk Factors of Acne Vulgaris among Young Females.

IQ Research Journal of IQ res. j. (2024)3(03): pp 01-07. Vol. 003, Issue 03 03-2024, pp.0199-0206


To find out the risk factors for acne vulgaris among young females visiting hospitals in
Jabane. A cross-sectional study was done to assess young females suffering from acne
vulgaris attending the dermatological ward at Hodan District Hospital, Jabane. A total of 100
females were chosen through a convenient non-probability sampling technique, and
participants were assessed through a pre-tested questionnaire. SPSS version 21.0 was used
for data analysis. The study duration was 4 months, from February 2018 to May 2018. About
63% of women were under stress, and 58% were taking spicy foods. 67% of women had
blackheads as a symptom. In the dietary determinants, consumption of chocolate was the
highest (67%). There was a significant association between marital status, consumption of
spicy food, stress, consumption of medicines, and family history of PCOs. The association of
BMI was also significant with hormonal imbalance and PCO. The study concluded that
consumption of spicy food and medicine, stress, hormonal imbalance, history of PCO, family
history of acne, blackheads, and fair complexion were the major risk factors responsible for
acne vulgaris.