IQ Research Journal-Open Access-ISSN:2790-4296

Risk Factors Associated With Pulmonary Tuberculosis Among Children Under Five Years In Banadir Hospital Mogadishu Somalia



Authors Name: Muktar Baryare Matan, Atanga Desmond Funwie. Paper Title Risk Factors Associated With Pulmonary Tuberculosis Among Children Under Five Years In Banadir Hospital Mogadishu Somalia

IQ Research Journal of IQ res. j. (2022)1(1): pp 01-12. Vol. 001, Issue 001, 01-2022, pp. 0359-0371
Received: 01 12, 2021; Accepted: 20 01, 2022; Published: 27 01, 2022


Theglobalburden of childhood tuberculosis is not known, but it has been assumed that 10% of the actual total case load is found amongst children. According WHO Global tuberculosis report 2012, at least half millions of children became ill with tuberculosis and an estimated 64000 children died of tuberculosis in 2011. The major objective of this study is to identify risk factors influencing pulmonary
tuberculosis among children under five years. A descriptive cross sectional case study approach was used. The Purposive sampling was used to study to select 50 as sample size. The commonest risk factor was care giver contact with tuberculosis or chronic cough. Most of patient age of children between 1-5 years of age (60%), while sex distribution of most of gender children 29 are male and 21 are female. Chest x-ray finding of this kids were as fallowing 40% of the finding was opacification or
capitation, were8% are pleura effusion 10% of the abnormal finding was pneumothorax, 10% were lobar and Broncho pneumonia while the rest 32% were all Normal finding. The majority of parents 88% believed TB is controllable and all of them believed that pulmonary TBis curable. The present study indicates the attendant of multiple risk factors that favor the transmission of the causative agent and the acquisition of new cases, and hence dangerous for the population and surrounding community. Therefore, active surveillance of TB and implementing specific prevention and control guidelines are
highly recommended.