Connaissances Des Femmes De La Ville De Maroua Sur L’importance Du Depistage Precoce Du Cancer Du Sein : Cas De Hopital Regional De Maroua
Authors: Adolphe Domo Sira1, Pr. Ndzana Ignace Bertrand2, Atanga Desmond Funwie3. Paper Title:Connaissances Des Femmes De La Ville De Maroua Sur L’importance Du Depistage Precoce Du Cancer Du Sein : Cas De Hopital Regional De Maroua.IQ Research Journal of IQ res. j. (2022)1(11): pp 01-10. Vol. 001, Issue 011 11-2022, pp. 01923-01933
Cancer is an anarchic multiplication of the cells of the organism which escapes the normal mechanisms of differentiation. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor of the mammary gland. Breast cancer is the most frequently encountered of all cancers in women. According to a WHO report, breast cancer represents 16% of all female cancers in terms of incidence, with 69% of deaths recorded only in developing countries. In Cameroon, according to Professor Ndom Paul, breast cancer is at the forefront of cancers treated in the oncology department of the Yaoundé General Hospital. Thus, in 2016, 12,000 new cases of cancer were treated in this same service, of which 66% were women, and the most common form among them was breast cancer with 18.5% in incidence. Terms on this observation, we asked ourselves the question: what are the educational needs of women on the importance of early detection of breast cancer? To answer this question, we set ourselves the general objective which is to study the level of knowledge of women in the Regional health center of Maroua on the importance of early detection of breast cancer from the deficiencies identified. During our data collection, to achieve this objective, we conducted a descriptive and exploratory study. The sample was obtained by a non-probabilistic technique. Our collection tool was a questionnaire, we conducted a survey with 125 women, and out of 125 women, we had a sample size of 100 women. The results of our survey revealed to us that: 69% of our sample never heard of KS; 58.06% do not know the factors favoring breast cancer, 70.97% do not know the signs and symptoms of the disease,61% do not know that breast cancer can be prevented, 61.29% do not know that the breast cancer can be screened in Maroua; at least 15% regularly palpate their breast. Regarding the importance of early detection of breast cancer, only 29.03% know its importance. This verifies the starting hypothesis that women’s knowledge of the importance of early detection of breast cancer is insufficient is an element that justifies the increase in the rate of breast cancer incidence and mortality.