IQ Research Journal-Open Access-ISSN:2790-4296

Assessing And Predicting Land-Use And Land-Cover Change: A Case Study Of Kabeza Site Of Kicukiro District, Kigali City, Rwanda.



Author(s): Jean Pierre Habiyaremye, Cush Ngonzo Luwesi, Ugwuoti Amos Iloabuchi. Paper Title:

Assessing And Predicting Land-Use And Land-Cover Change: A Case Study Of Kabeza Site Of Kicukiro District, Kigali City, Rwanda.

IQ Research Journal of IQ res. j. (2024)3(02): pp 01-12. Vol. 003, Issue 02 02-2024, pp.048-60


The land use and land cover change of an area is an outcome of natural and socio-economic aspects
and their operation by humans in time and space (Lambin et al., 2003). Land-use change is a matter
of historical process in relation to how people use the land. It modifies the availability of different
resources, including vegetation, soil, and water (Ahmad, 2014).
To solve the issue of uncontrolled population growth without access to basic infrastructure, leading
to land degradation, conflict resolution over land resources, and equitable access to its resources by
all stakeholders within the Kabeza site, a detailed topographic survey of the area was undertaken.
Secondary data was obtained from the Kigali City master plan and the Google Earth professional
platform to get computerized data. The new design has ameliorated the issues in the area as much
as possible in comparison to the former layout.
This study assists in detecting specific land-use changes and projecting which land uses will be
affected by future changes from 1960 to 2030. In 1960, agriculture dominated 82.61% of the total
area, followed by residential at 11.62%, transportation at 2.79%, commercial at 1.56%, forest at
1.34%, and water storage at 0.09%. Compared to 1960, the percentage of area covered in 2023 had
decreased for commercial and agriculture up to 0% and 10.16%, respectively. A percentage
increased for residential, transportation, forest, sport, leisure, and open space to 59.86%, 25.02%,
2.43%, 2.13, and 0.32%. There was no change in the area not observed for the water storage (tank)
between the periods.
However, there are still some serious concerns about the newly designed plan in this area. These
should be viewed as recommendations to be considered by future research implementers and
partners, particularly the local government units overseeing the research sites. The most important
emerging issues are promoting a competitive regulatory environment for transport services. Thus,
developers and state entities should work together to identify measures to minimize the negative
impacts of interventions on the poor and women, as well as the negative impacts on the environment.