IQRJ guides you for writing a research paper starting from inception of ideas till their publications. Research papers are highly recognized in scholar fraternity. In addition, the published research work also provides a big weight-age to career growth and helps to get admission in reputed varsity. Now, here we enlist the proven steps to publish the research paper in a journal.
The first activity for publishing a technical paper is to figure out your technical area of interest. Make sure the you had carried out enough studies on basics of that topic. Then you have you to update yourself with the ongoing technical happenings in your chosen field. You can do this by
1) Reading and googling a lot of technical papers. There are a lot of journals and IEEE papers floating around in net.
2) Go to one or more conferences, listen carefully to the best talks, and find out what people are thinking about. Once you are done with the above-mentioned steps, then you are eligible for writing a paper
2. Read existing Papers
Read everything that might be relevant gives you different perspective of the focus topic. But be selective too, for not getting to much deviated from you topic of interest. Getting used to simulation software is much useful for simulating your work. You can find a lot of time during the days and utilize those holidays & free days.
3. A jump start
When you first start reading up on a new field, ask your fellow researcher what the most useful journals and conference proceedings are in your field, and ask for a list of important papers that you should read. This activity will give you a jump start.
4. Crack the jargons and terms
One of among the tough nuts to crack is to understand the paper published by others. The easiest way is to is by reading it many times. The more times you read the more will be revealed to you. Keep the Internet handy so that you can crack the jargons and terms, which you may find strange.
5. Write down your studies
Write down speculations, interesting problems, possible solutions, random ideas, references to look up, notes on papers you've read, outlines of papers to write, and interesting quotes. Read back through it periodically. Keeping a journal of your research activities and ideas is very useful.
7. Bits and pieces together
Now you can identify important open problems in your research field and also you will be very much aware of what you are doing and what you have to do. The more you go, you'll notice that the bits of random thoughts start to come together and form a pattern, which may be a bright enough for a good paper.
8. Simulation software easiest
Please don't pick overly ambitious topics; instead, identify a realistic size problem. Gather the Matlab files available in the Internet that is related to your topic and simulate them for the claimed results. Please don’t expect the Mfiles readily available for a solution published in a paper. But you can make it of your own by modifying and adding. Believe me, Matlab is a very easy tool! Once you are able to get the simulated outputs of your solution, you can carry on for making a paper out of it.
9. Essence of your work
The essence of your work can be diagnosed by analyzing below listed points. We can increase the maturity of the paper by improving these. Significance: Why was this work done? Did you solve an important problem of current interest or is it an obscure or obsolete problem? Originality/Novelty: Is your approach novel or is it tried-and-true? Did you need to develop new tools, either analytical or physical?
Completeness: Have you tested a wide range of scenarios, or is this just a simple proof-of-concept?
Correct: Is your solution technically sound or are there errors? Consider improving the same.
10. Anatomy of Paper
Generally, a paper has seven sections and a maximum of four pages. Essentially a research paper consists of five major sections. The number of pages may vary depending upon the topic of research work but generally comprises up to 5 to 10 pages. These are:
3. Existing techniques and Research Elaborations
4. Results or Finding
1. Abstract: An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the papers purpose. When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given scientific paper or patent application.
2. Introduction: It's the foremost preliminary step for proceeding with any research work writing. While doing this go through a
the complete thought process of your Journal subject and research for its viability by the following means: Read already published work in the same field.
Goggling on the topic of your research work.
Attend conferences, workshops, and symposiums on the same fields or on related counterparts.
Understand the scientific terms and jargon related to your research work.
3. Research Elaborations: Now is the time to articulate the research work with ideas gathered in the above steps by adopting any of the below suitable approaches: Bits and Pieces together: In this approach combine all your researched information in form of a journal or research paper. In this researcher can take the reference of already accomplished work as a starting building block of its paper.
Jump Start: This approach works the best under the guidance of fellow researchers. In this, the authors continuously receive or ask inputs from their fellows. It enriches the information pool of your paper with expert comments or upgrades. And the researcher feels confident about their work and takes a jump to start the paper writing.
Use of Simulation software: There is a number of software available that can mimic the process involved in your research work
and can produce the possible result. One such type of software is Matlab. You can readily find Mfiles related to your research work on the internet or in some cases these can require a few modifications. Once these Mfiles are uploaded in software, you can get the simulated results of your paper and it easies the process of paper writing.
11. The procedure
As a part of your paper publication, you can start documenting the ‘existing techniques’ from the scrap journal you did during the studies. Here you have to extract all are the techniques existing as a solution for the particular problem and the pros and cons of those. Next, document the introduction; about what is the topic and what you are going to do. It better to keep it short. Follows your contribution and
the simulated results.
1. Describe the problem
2. State your contributions
The abstract is one section you can work on in the last, as it has to cover all the sections very briefly. Please note that Abstract makes the committee members decide whether or not to read your paper. Generally, four lines are sufficient for this.
1. State the problem
2. Say why its an interesting problem
3. Say what your solution achieves
4. Say what follows from your solution
12. Section by section
The divide-and-conquer strategy works on a day-to-day level as well. Instead of writing an entire paper, focus on the goal of writing a section, or outline. Remember, every task you complete gets you closer to finishing your paper.
13. Get a pre-review
Now your paper is ready. You can ask your peers or professors to review your paper. Next is to find the right place to publish it. You can start with national-level conferences, which are often gets conducted in many universities. Then once you gain a level of confidence, you can proceed to international conferences and journals.
14. Read the reviews carefully
This is really, really, really hard. Only a small proportion, 5 to 10 percent, are accepted the first time they are submitted, and usually, they are only accepted subject to revision. In fact, anything aside from simply Neal-Barnett reminds is a positive review. These include:
* Accept: Which almost nobody gets," she says.
* Accept with revision: Just make some minor changes.
* Revise and resubmit: They're still interested in you!
* Reject and resubmit: Though not as good as revise and resubmit, they still want the paper!
Read every criticism as a positive suggestion for something you could explain more clearly
15. Don't panic
After reading the review the first time, put it aside. Come back to it later, reading the paper closely to decide whether the criticisms were valid and how you can address them. You will often find that reviewers make criticisms that are off-target because they misinterpreted some aspect of your paper. If so, don't let it get to you — just rewrite that part of your paper more clearly so that the same misunderstanding won't happen again.
It's frustrating to have a paper rejected because of a misunderstanding, but at least it's something you can fix. On the other hand, criticisms of the content of the paper may require more substantial revisions — rethinking your ideas, running more tests, or redoing an analysis.
16. Rejected? Be Positive
If your paper is rejected, keep trying! Take the reviews to heart and try to rewrite the paper, addressing the reviewer's comments. Remember, to get a lot of publications, you also will need to get lots of rejections," says Edward Diener, Ph.D., editor of APA s Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Personality Processes and Individual Differences.
17. Common mistakes
The wrong sequence in Figure and Table numbering
Misalignment of columns
Usage of figures from another paper without credit and permission
18. Where to publish
Generally, there are three main choices:
Download the paper template. (submitted papers need to be in MS Word format with file extension .doc or .docx)
Electronic supplementary material
Electronic supplementary material (animations, movies, audio, large original data, etc.) can add dimension to the article, as certain information cannot be printed or is more convenient in electronic form.
IQRJ accepts electronic multimedia files (animations, movies, audio, etc.) and other supplementary files to be published online along with an article.
You can email supplement material after your online submission of the research paper, stating the Paper-ID in email.
IQRJ review process usually takes 07-10 days, depending on the number of papers available for review. You will get the review results within the next 07-10 days after the manuscript submission.
Rights, permissions, and licensing
Author retains all the rights of published research paper or invention, IQRJ holds the right to publish and index the research for worldwide
Full monetary benefit (funds) for the research work/invention will be given to the author/co-authors of the published/patented research work.
All the requests related to reprint/use/purchase of the research work will be directed to the author. The author has full right to take a final decision on
his/her research work.
How to Write and Publish an Academic Research Paper 101 Tips from JournalPrep.com
Planning your Manuscript
1. The research paper topic should be unique and there should be a logical reason to study it.
2. Do your homework. Make sure you know what investigators in your field and other fields have published about your topic (or similar
topics). There is no substitute for a good literature review before jumping into a new project.
3. Take the time to plan your experimental design. As a general rule, more time should be devoted to planning your study than to actually
performing the experiments (though there are some exceptions, such as time-course studies with lengthy-time points). Rushing into the hands-on work without properly designing the study is a common mistake made by young researchers.
4. When designing your experiment, choose your materials wisely. Look to the literature to see what others have used. Similar products from different companies do not all work the same way. In fact, some do not work at all.
5. Get help. If you are performing research techniques for the first time, be sure to consult an experienced friend or colleague. Rookie mistakes are commonplace in academic research and lead to wasted time and resources.
6. Know what you want to study, WHY you want to study it, and how your results will contribute to the current pool of knowledge for the subject.
7. Be able to clearly state a hypothesis before starting your work. Focus your efforts on researching this hypothesis. All too often people start a project and are taken adrift by new ideas that come along the way. While ideas are good to note, be sure to keep your focus.
8. Along with keeping focus, know your experimental endpoints. Sometimes data collection goes smoothly and you want to dig deeper and deeper into the subject. If you want to keep digging deeper, do it with a follow-up study.
9. Keep in mind where you might like to publish your study. If you are aiming for a high-impact journal, you may need to do extensive research and data collection. If your goal is to publish in a lower-tier journal, your research plan may be very different.
10. If your study requires approval by a review board or ethics committee, be sure to get the documentation as needed. Journals will often require that you provide such information.
11. If your study involves patients or patient samples, explicit permissions are generally required from the participant or donor, respectively. Journals may ask for copies of the corresponding documentation.
12. Read and follow ALL of the guidelines for manuscript preparation listed for an individual journal. Most journals have very specific formatting and style guidelines for the text body, abstract, images, tables, and references.
13. HYPOTHESIS: be sure to have one and state it clearly. This is, after all, why you are doing the research.
14. Write as though your work is meaningful and important. If you don’t, people will not perceive it as meaningful and important.
15. Use an external peer review service (available through JournalPrep.com) to get your manuscript reviewed prior to submission. Rapid and expert peer reviews, before you submit, may significantly increase your odds of getting your manuscript accepted for publication.
16. Critique your own work. Look for areas that reviewers might spot as weaknesses and either correct these areas or comment on them in your manuscript, leaving reviewers with fewer options for negative criticisms.
17. Always present the study as a finished piece of work (although you may suggest future directions). Otherwise, you can be sure reviewers will suggest additional research.
18. Be painstaking. Be thorough and patient with several rounds of editing of your work while considering all the tiny details of the specifications requested by the journal. It will pay off in the end.
19. Focus. If you have a hypothesis to develop, be consistent to the end. Have substantial and convincing evidence to prove your theories. Brainstorm your ideas and have a definite direction mapped out before beginning to write an article.
20. Write in a precise and accurate way. Avoid long sentences; the reader may find them difficult to follow.
21. Team-like spirit is an important attribute that contributes to successful publishing. Welcome advice from those around you with potentially valuable input. No matter how competent you feel, having your work seen through a different lens may help to spot flaws that you were unable to identify.
22. As a final step, after completing your research paper, edit, edit, edit. You need to identify and correct any and all mistakes that you may have made.
23. Short papers are more likely to be read than long ones.
24. Select a descriptive title. Flash and puns are rarely as appealing as they may seem at first. You are better off going simple and descriptive. This will also help you get cited.
25. Focus on the information the readers require when following your experiment, modeling description, or data analysis instead of overloading them with details that might have been important during the study but are irrelevant for them.
26. Your paper should advance a particular line of research. It does not need to answer every remaining question about the topic.
27. If you present your work at an academic conference prior to submitting it for publication, get constructive criticisms from as many potential reviewers as possible.
28. Make sure your paper reads well. A bunch of choppy, simple sentences, while grammatically correct, is unpleasant to read.
29. Clear, concise, and grammatically correct English. Period.
30. Non-native English speakers should ALWAYS try to arrange for a review by a native speaker. If you know someone with excellent proofreading skills and a piece of general knowledge about your research discipline (ex. Biological Sciences), ask them to help you out. If you don’t know someone who meets these criteria, use a professional editing service such as that offered at JournalPrep.com. You will save yourself from a great deal of frustration and lost time.
31. Show friends and colleagues your work, including those in different fields of research. Get as much feedback as you can before you submit.
32. The body of the paper supports the central idea and must show a thoughtful, comprehensive study of the research topic; it should be clearly written and easy to follow. It generally includes three main parts: 1) Methodology, 2) Results & Data Analysis, and 3) Discussion.
33. When referencing other papers, do not simply reference work in the same way other papers have. If paper X says that paper Y showed a specific result, check for yourself to ensure that this is true before saying the same thing in your own manuscript. The number of reputable authors who misunderstand their colleagues’ findings is shocking.
34. If you are in the process of running a follow-up experiment, write your manuscript in such a way that it begs for that experiment. When reviewers respond and request it you will already have it completed.
35. Start your article with a comprehensive yet concise literature review of your exact subject and highlight in which way your paper will make a new contribution to the field.
36. Throughout your introduction use the past tense. One exception to this is when you are speaking about generally accepted facts and figures (ex. Heart disease is the leading cause of death…).
37. Avoid using new acronyms. They will simply confuse the readers.
38. The introduction of a research paper is extremely important. It generally presents a brief literature review, the problem, and the purpose of your research work. It should be powerful, simple, realistic, and logical to entice the reader to read the full paper.
39. Avoid unnecessarily long paragraphs. Break up your paragraphs into smaller, useful units.
40. Do not be afraid to use headings in your introduction (and discussion). Materials & Methods
41. Do not over-explain common scientific procedures. For example, you do not need to explain how PCR or Western Blotting work, just that you used the techniques. If you are using a novel technique, then you need to explain the steps involved.
42. Use third-person passive tense. For example, “RNA was extracted from the cells.” Compare this with, “We extracted RNA from the cells.”
43. Be sure to mention from which companies you purchased any significant reagents for your experiments.
44. When in doubt about how to report your materials and methods, look to papers published in recognized journals that use similar methods and/or materials.
45. Do not mention sources of typical labware (beakers, stripettes, pipet tips, cell culture flasks, etc).
46. Make sure your graphs and tables can speak for themselves. A lot of people skim over academic papers.
47. The Results section should contain only results, no discussion.
48. Do not repeat in words everything that your tables and graphs convey. You can, however, point out key findings and offer some text that complements the findings.
49. Be sure to number your figures and tables according to journal guidelines and refer to them in the text in the manner specified by the journal.
50. Clear to read graphs are essential. Do not overload graphs with data. Make sure axis descriptions are not too small.
51. Your discussion section should answer WHY you obtained the observed results. Do not simply restate the results. Also, address WHY your results are important (i.e. how do they advance the understanding of the topic).
52. If multiple explanations for your results exist, be sure to address each one. You can favor one explanation but be sure to mention alternative explanations, if some exist. If you don’t, your reviewers will.
53. If your research findings are suggestive or supportive rather than decisive then make sure to indicate so. NEVER overstate the importance of your research findings. Rather, clearly point to their true significance.
54. Understand the message of your paper. You may discover what the message is only after a literature search, as is occasionally the case for some manuscript types such as case reports.
55. Highlight how your research contributes to the current knowledge in the field and mention the next steps or what remains. Feel free to explain why your results falsify current theories if that is the case.
56. Make sure that your discussion is concise and informative. If you ramble and include a great deal of unnecessary information, your paper will likely get rejected or at least be looked upon less favorably.
Conclusions & References
57. The importance of the conclusions section should not be overlooked. It includes a brief restatement of the other parts of the research paper, such as the methodology, data analysis, and results, and concludes the overall discussion. It should be brief, concise, and worth remembering.
58. Reference page: All references used as sources of information in your research paper should be mentioned to strengthen your paper and also to avoid your work being considered plagiarized.
59. Failure to include every obscure reference to a topic will NOT prevent publication. What WILL prevent publication is procrastination by insisting on including such references.
60. Use bibliographic software such as EndNote or RefWorks. This will help you format your references section readily when you make changes throughout your paper after getting suggestions from friends, colleagues or reviewers.
61. In your abstract, limit the amount of background information you provide. Try to give only what is necessary in a couple of sentences or less.
62. Never refer to figures or tables in your abstract.
63. When writing an abstract, always use the past tense since you are giving a summary of what was done. One exception is if you mention future directions in your concluding statement.
64. Write a clear and concise abstract. The reader has to understand the study rationale, the methods used, and the study findings. Many researchers will only ever read the abstract of your paper so it must contain the most pertinent information.
65. Be sure to check journal guidelines for abstract length. Many journals will not accept abstracts longer than 200-250 words.
66. Feel free to hook readers with a “big picture” statement to open the abstract. Remember, many action editors will know very little about your topic area and, in some cases, your abstract will be the only thing that dictates whether or not you get through triage.